IL-10 (Interleukin-10), originally known as Cytokine Synthesis Inhibitory Factor (CSIF), is an 20.5 kDa protein containing 161-178 amino acid residues. IL10 is produced primarily by monocytes and to a lesser extent by lymphocytes. This cytokine has pleiotropic effects in immunoregulation and inflammation. It down-regulates the expression of Th1 cytokines, MHC class II Ags, and costimulatory molecules on macrophages. It also enhances B cell survival, proliferation, and antibody production. This cytokine can block NF-kappa B activity, and is involved in the regulation of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway. Knockout studies in mice suggested the function of this cytokine as an essential immunoregulator in the intestinal tract.
Recommended Dilutions: Western Blot: 1:200
Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat