The serine/threonine kinase Akt family contains several members, including Akt1 (also designated PKB or RacPK), Akt2 and Akt 3, which exhibit sequence homology with the protein kinase A and C families and are encoded by the c-Akt proto-oncogene. They have a pleckstrin homology domain. Akt1 and Akt2 are activated by PDGF stimulation. This activation is dependent on PDGFR-∫ tyrosine residues 740 and 751, which bind the subunit of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) complex. Activation of Akt1 by insulin or insulin-growth factor-1(IGF-1) results in phosphorylation of both Thr 308 and Ser 473. Phosphorylation of both residues is important to generate a high level of Akt1 activity, and the phosphorylation of Thr 308 is not dependent on phosphorylation of Ser 473 in vivo. Thus, Akt proteins become phosphorylated and activated in insulin/IGF-1-stimulated cells by an upstream kinase(s;The activation of Akt1 and Akt2 is inhibited by the PI kinase inhibitor wortmannin, suggesting that the protein signals downstream of the PI kinases.
Recommended Dilutions: Western Blot: ~1:1000, FACS: ~1:10-1:50.
Reactivity: Human. Predicted Cross Reactivity With Rat And Mouse Samples.